Neurodiversity ADHD

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Navigating ADHD: A Mom's Guide to the TOP 10 Frequently Asked Questions

ADHD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, is a common neurodevelopmental condition that can present unique challenges for both children and their parents.

As parents, understanding ADHD is crucial for providing the best support to your child. Here are the top 10 most frequently asked questions about ADHD:

1. What is ADHD, and What are the Symptoms?

ADHD is a neurobiological condition characterized by persistent patterns of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. ADHD occurs in this area that controls memory, language, problem-solving, planning, decision-making, judgment, and time perception skills.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH),Children with ADHD may struggle with:

Focusing: Your child might find it challenging to stay on task, sustain focus, and stay organized. These difficulties are not because of defiance or a lack of comprehension.

Hyperactivity: You may observe constant movement, even in situations where it's not appropriate. Excessive fidgeting, tapping, or talking could be signs. In adults, hyperactivity may appear as extreme restlessness or excessive talking.

Impulsivity: Your child might act without thinking or struggle with self-control. This could include a strong desire for immediate rewards and difficulty delaying gratification. Impulsivity may lead to interrupting others or making important decisions without considering long-term consequences.

If you notice these behaviors persisting, consulting with healthcare professionals is advisable.

2. How is ADHD Diagnosed?

Diagnosing ADHD involves a comprehensive assessment that considers a child's behavior at home, school, and in social settings.

Healthcare providers use standardized ADHD rating scales, interviews, and observations to gather information. The process aims to rule out other potential causes of the observed behaviors.

You can find, here a shortened form of the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth edition (DSM-5)

The information below is not meant to diagnose or treat. It should not take the place of consultation with a qualified healthcare professional.

3. Are There Effective Treatments for ADHD?

Upon receiving an ADHD diagnosis for their child, parents often face the challenge of choosing the most effective treatment.

As all we know, every child is unique, and finding the right treatment can be a journey. For the best path forward, lean on the support of healthcare providers, therapists, teachers, coaches, and family. Together, you'll discover what works best for your child.

Type of Treatment for ADHD include:

Behavior Therapy:

  • For Young Children (Under 6): Emphasizes parent training in behavior management before considering medication. Proven effective and minimizes side effects.

  • For School-Age Children and Adolescents: Advocates a combination of medication and various behavior therapies tailored to the child's needs.


Most children with ADHD benefit from taking medication. Medications do not cure ADHD but can help a child control his or her symptoms on the day that the pills are taken.

  • Types: Stimulants (fast-acting, widely used, including methylphenidate, and amphetamine salts) and nonstimulants (slower but longer-lasting, including atomoxetine, guanfacine, and clonidine).

Key Insights:

  • Collaboration is Crucial: Work closely with healthcare providers, educators, and other involved parties for the best outcome.

  • Age-Specific Recommendations: Treatment plans differ for children under 6 and those aged 6 and older.

  • Ongoing Monitoring: Regularly assess the treatment's impact on the child's behavior and make adjustments as needed.

Access the CDC's detailed ADHD Treatment Guide here for further information.

4. What other conditions can occur with ADHD?

Often, concerns arise about additional conditions alongside ADHD. These may include learning difficulties, eating disorders, hyperactivity, anxiety, depression, and sensory processing disabilities. It's crucial to recognize that these conditions share symptoms with ADHD and can be managed effectively with the right tools.

5. What are the types of ADHD?

ADHD disorders vary based on age, genetic factors, and specific types. There are three main types:

  • Combined ADHD: Includes hyperactive and impulsive behaviors.

  • Inattentive ADHD: Involves distractibility without hyperactivity.

  • Impulsive ADHD: Signified by hyperactive and impulsive behaviors without distractibility.

6. Can a person have ADHD without being hyperactive?

While most individuals with ADHD experience hyperactivity, its absence doesn't rule out an ADHD diagnosis. In this case, you need to look at attention, focus, time management, decision-making, and problem-solving abilities. If there is no difficulty in these, you can just have hyperactivity without ADHD.

7. Do people outgrow ADHD?

Unfortunately, ADHD isn't curable, but many children diagnosed early can outgrow most symptoms.

However, some individuals may continue to experience signs into adulthood. With proper support, symptoms can be effectively managed.

8. Is there a biological basis for ADHD?

In most cases, ADHD has a hereditary basis, passed from parent to child. Additionally, modern lifestyles, stressful routines, and consumer habits can contribute to its development.

9. When is it okay to stop taking ADHD medication?

Occasionally, both children and parents ponder when it might be appropriate for children to discontinue ADHD medication. If you have queries about discontinuing ADHD medication, it's advisable to consult with your doctor. Many children diagnosed with ADHD may continue to experience challenges related to certain symptoms into adulthood. For those whose symptoms diminish over time or as they learn to cope, especially hyperactivity, there may be a possibility of reducing or stopping medication.

Indications that your child might be ready for a reduction or cessation of ADHD medication include:

  1. Your child has been symptom-free for over a year while on medication.

  2. Despite a consistent dosage, your child continues to show improvement.

  3. Your child's behavior remains appropriate even when missing a dose or two.

  4. There's a newfound ability to concentrate.

The decision to discontinue ADHD medication should involve discussions with the prescribing doctor, teachers, family members, and your child.

Post-medication, your child might require additional support from teachers and family members to reinforce positive behavior.

10. What challenges might arise if ADHD goes untreated?

Without proper care, a child may face academic struggles and difficulties forming friendships.

The impact can extend to family dynamics, leading to increased tension between parents and children.

Parents may grapple with feelings of self-blame when faced with communication barriers, adding a sense of frustration and loss of control.

Teenagers with ADHD face elevated risks of accidents while driving. In adulthood, untreated ADHD is associated with higher rates of divorce and job loss.

Fortunately, there are safe and effective treatments available to help manage ADHD symptoms, preventing these undesirable consequences.


We share these insights hoping they make your ADHD journey easier.

Seeking information on your child's behaviors is a caring approach to parenting. And remember, you're not alone, and each bit of knowledge brings smoother days for you and your child 💗.

Have a wonderful day, and keep being the amazing parents that you are! 🌟💕

DdL Mom

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